Progress 8 and Attainment 8 combine to form part of a new secondary school accountability system, which was introduced in 2016. A school accountability system is way of measuring how well a school is performing, and then comparing this measure, or score, to other similar schools.
The new secondary school accountability measures will be based upon four key measures:
- Progress 8
- Attainment 8
- The percentage of pupils achieving a C/4 grade or better in English and Maths
- The English Baccalaureate (EBacc) which is a performance measure for schools, awarded when students secure a grade C or above at GCSE level across a core of five academic subjects – English, mathematics, history or geography, the sciences and a language.
Basic Point Score
The process begins by giving each pupil a basic point score according to their GCSE grades.
The new 9-1 grades are much more straight forward – you will receive a basic point score equivalent to your grade so for example, a GCSE grade 9 will receive 9 points, grade 8 = 8 points, and so on down to grade 1. This simple point allocation creates a basic points total for every pupil who takes GCSEs.
The Attainment 8 score is then calculated from this basic point total.
Attainment 8 is a way of judging how well a pupil is doing in three key subject areas. Not all subject scores will count towards the Attainment 8 score, and the government have identified the three ‘baskets’ that will count for every secondary school. Each basket has its own point scoring requirement.
The Progress 8 score is a statistical method of placing a value upon how well a pupil has progressed academically from year 4 to taking their GCSEs.
To work out the average Progress 8 score measure for the whole school, the score for every pupil is added together and then divided by the number of pupils. This school wide Progress 8 score will be used to rank and compare school performance, and to create the school league tables.
For more information on Progress 8 and Attainment 8 and how to calculate this, please download our Progress 8 eBook here
To view the GCSE changes in detail, please download our Curriculum Reform eBook here
Allister Jordan, Writer/Researcher CASCAID